Sand is one of the most commonly used and an important material in construction. Sand is used as fine aggregate in concrete and used in plastering along with cement. Its also used as a filler materials beneath the tiles. There are various types of Sands currently that can be used in Construction.

River/Natural Sand

River Sand is usually obtained from River Beds and Banks. It is usually very fine in quality and has a white-grey color. River Sand is good for all construction activities like concrete production and plastering as it is well graded. As per the Indian Standard codes, sand used in preparation of concrete and in plastering should ideally confirm to IS-383 Zone-II. Refer the table to understand how Zone classification is given for sand.

Manufactured Sand & Plaster Sand

Manufactured Sand is manufactured by proper crushing of aggregates into finer materials of required particle size (generally using VSI technology). Since quality control is maintained in the process of preparing manufactured sand, the sand obtained will better confirm to the Zone-II grading standards at all times. The don’t have any organic or silt materials.

Pit Sand

Pit sand is extracted from Deep pits dug underneath the ground. It usually have a coarser grain size. It is not recommended in construction activities as the particle size is too large.